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Reality is a consciousness of self living in the current world wherein the environment is actively predominant to prove of one’s existence. However, reality in itself is a perception that a person accepts in order to cause everything to be part of a purpose. Reality is viewed whether a mental state or a physical circumstance that would be important in the performance of forces providing a conscious life.

Nature of reality.  Reality is truly an enigmatic struggle to explain the actual embodiment of living that may question two dominant factors. Materialism is a reality that is distinctly different from the Idealism. Materialism explains that reality exist due to the physical matter.  Its argument claims that the physical universe, what can be proven with the five senses would be the basis of the consciousness.  Philosophers claim that to truly understand the subjective world or the thought of purpose, one should understand the presence of the physical world mainly because it could be easily touched, seen and heard. Physical reality can be proven that provides a justification and explanation for everything that is happening. However, there are things that cannot be truly been proven. The existence of man is not only within the realms of the physical environment. Idealism or the immaterial reality discusses the concept of character and mind. Though man is a physical being having its body, a big question would be the soul and the spirit. A man without both would just be a body that would be physically rotting. However, the more complex reality would be that of meaning in existence. Thus, Idealism claims that consciousness is really the nature of reality. The movie Memento is a clear manifestation of reality confusion. The reality that has been in struggle is more of the Idealism. Leonard Shelby used Polaroid pictures, notes and tattoos on his body to find the killer of his wife. Though these are evidence of physical reality, these are just random information that gave no meaning to his quest. Leonard’s main problem was his condition of amnesia. His reality has interchange with that of Sammy Jankis that was a conman. Leonard struggled to know the truth and yet due to his mental condition, his memory may only provide bits and pieces that make it confusing for him to identify experiences and even distinguish what is really his. Thus, the reality within the movie has intermingled itself creating a random discontinuity of thought because before Leonard tried to avenge his wife and now, he tries to avenge the killer of I view more of the reality of Idealism more than that of materialism because I do believe that physical objects become important and relevant to one’s existence if the conscious provide that reason. Like the movie Memento, the immaterial factor burst out seeking for answers of survival thus creating a pragmatic understanding of everything around the protagonist.  However, an important objection would be the basis of consciousness. Using the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, idealism would be ranked as the highest level which is self actualization. If this is so, a question of how would oneself truly assess one’s life and purpose would be a contradicting point that man may not need any physical object. And yet that is incorrect. A child learns from its environment before its starts to understand the physical world. Gradual learning during his or her growing years would allow him or her to develop a conscious mind until his or her reality starts to solidify a meaning of existence. However, contradicting would be how people react to the environment considering no one child would have the same personality and thus will have varying reactions to his or her environment.  The analysis is a deductive reasoning or premise.

Legal Punishment. The state is obligated to enforce the law that would protect the state and its citizens while safeguarding their rights and privileges. However, there are some incidents wherein the state would apply punishment that is expected to be aligned with the gravity of the crime committed by the citizen. The state is justified from meting out punishment through the provisions of consequentialism and retributivism. Consequentialists believe that a moral act that will acquire a good result is justifiable (Kramer 27). Thus, if the end would be for the best of the person and the majority, the means of achieving it whether good or bad is excusable. Retributivism claims that punishment would be the best possible solution to stop a crime (Kramer 65). A person who violated the law has willingly removed himself from the state’s protection. For justice to be enforced, punishment should be imposed to the criminal.

Consequentialism was seen in the movie The Road to Guantanamo during the event when Ruhal, Asif and Shafiq were arrested by the United States Military Army. Though the story shows the perspective of the captives, analyzing the situation and the perspective of the captors, they have no further identification to prove that they claim to be British men. They have lost their belongings and therefore captured. The situation was at war and everyone can claim anything to survive. Retributivism is seen on how these three men removed their rights to be free when they decided to go to Afghanistan. They were aware before hand of the situation of the country and yet due to their foolishness and insane curiosity even went there. It may be bad luck as what others claimed but their decision has brought their misdemeanor (Kramer 108). The United States military has all excuses to have done such things because of the situation. If it was an American foolish tourist who went to Afghanistan, the tourist would have experienced the same or else even beheaded. Lucky for the three men, they were not killed. They were even deployed back home to England.

I adhere to the view of retributivism. I believe that everyone has the right and privilege until they waver their autonomy. The freedom to choose is upheld in retributivism. This is the reason, only upon criminal act did the person removed himself from other rights because he used his freedom to choose the wrong decision.  Unfortunately, part of the objection would be the practice of retributivism wherein people like the three men have been in the wrong place at the wrong time. In lieu of Murphy’s Law, the three were greeted with much bad luck that has landed them on such circumstances. However, the consequentialist acts of interrogating the three were beyond the acceptable practice of human rights.  This objection is an argument form or inductive.

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